Mahatma Gandhi whom people fondly called Bapu was a simple-looking man who spent his entire life on the basis of his principles and is a principle for all of us today. Today we are going to read the story of the life of that great man who contributed significantly in liberating our country, as a result of which we are breathing freely in free India today – Mahatma Gandhi
He tolerated the atrocities of violence on himself and he gave freedom to India by walking on the path of non-violence.
Mahatma Gandhi is famous with our country in many other countries as well, so statues of Mahatma Gandhi are installed in different countries. Even after 72 years of independence of our country, the principles of Mahatma Gandhi are with us because we have been taught since childhood that do not look bad, do not listen, do not say bad,
Being present on every note of our country, the priests of non-violence, whom we call Bapu and learn about the life of Mahatma Gandhi, the father of our country, provides an opportunity for us to learn a lot from his life and his life. It is our endeavor to make you aware of the life of Mahatma Gandhi.
|Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi|
|Date of Birth|
|2 October 1869|
|Place of Birth|
|Harilal, Manilal, Ramdas, Devdas|
|January 30, 1948|
Mahatma Gandhi’s full name was Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi He was born on 2 October 1869 in a city of Gujarat at a place called Porbandar. Mahatma Gandhi’s father’s name was Karamchand Gandhi and mother’s name was Putlibai.
Mahatma Gandhi was the son of Putlibai, the fourth wife of Karamchand Gandhi. All three of his wives died before delivery. Mahatma Gandhi’s father was then a diwan of a small princely state (Porbandar) in Kathiawar and mother was a woman of religious views. His mother had a great influence on Gandhiji, so Gandhiji always kept a vegetarian life as promised to his mother.
Gandhi means grocer in Gujrati language and Bapu is called father in Gujrati language. Gandhi was first addressed by Mahatma Gandhi Rajvaidya Jeevaram Kalidas and then he came to be called as Mahatma Gandhi. Subhash Chandra Bose called him Father of the Nation by Rangoon Radio for his blessings and best wishes for the soldiers of Azad Hind Fauj, thus Mahatma Gandhi was given many names by different people.
Mahatma Gandhi’s early life – Mahatma Gandhi (from 1876-1888)
Mahatma Gandhi did his middle school from Porbandar and in 1876 his family moved to Rajkot from where he passed his high school examination in 1881. Mahatma Gandhi was an average student at that time.
In 1883, when Mahatma Gandhi was 13, he was married to Kasturba Makhanji, who was 14 years old. Child marriage was a custom at that time, so it was a child marriage. Kasturba Makhanji’s long name was shortened to Kasturba, which people used to call as Ba.
Mahatma Gandhi’s first child was born in 1885, but he died after living for some time, and this year when Gandhi was 16 years old, his father’s health started deteriorating at the age of 63 years. At that time Gandhiji was always with him.
But one day, for some time, he came to the bedroom to give relief to the body, where his physical desires were awakened and he formed a love affair with his wife Kasturba, after which he found out that his father had died, which Gandhiji Mahatma Gandhi began to turn to celibacy by this incident which felt like a crime. In this year in 1885, Gandhiji faced two great sorrows, one his first child and the other his father’s death.
By 1887, Mahatma Gandhi completed his matriculation by the time he arrived and after that he joined Shamaldas College Bhavnagar and left him after a session due to some problems. The reason for his trouble was that his family wanted him to become a barrister because he was the only one in his family to write the most educated. Who could become a diwan like his father and uncle
Therefore his family friend advised that if Mahatma Gandhi becomes a barrister from London, then he can easily become a diwan. Therefore, in 1888 Mahatma Gandhi went to London University to study law, thus Gandhiji went to London to become a barrister.
Mahatma Gandhi’s child and his birth
Before leaving for England in 1888, Mahatma Gandhi’s first child was born as a son, named Harilal Gandhi. Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi and Kasturba Makhanji had four children, all of whom were sons.
-The first son born in 1888 was named Harilal Gandhi.
-The son born in 1892 was named Manilal Gandhi.
-The third son born in 1897 was named Ram Das Gandhi.
-The son born in 1900 was named Devdas Gandhi.
Mahatma Gandhi’s education and advocacy abroad – Mahatma Gandhi England
That year in 1888, Mahatma Gandhi went to study law at University College London in England, 30 days before his birthday. Before leaving India, he promised his mother that he would always adopt vegetarian food and would abandon meat, alcohol and narrow ideology.
While living in London, she experienced many English customs and also followed her mother’s word. Faced problems after not getting vegetarian food for some time, but later he came to know about places where vegetarian food is available and then he joined membership of vegetarian society there.
It was the people of the vegetarian society who inspired him to read Srimad Bhagavad Gita. When Mahatma Gandhi returned to India from England in 1891, his mother had died. After this he practiced in Bombay, but here he did not get any success.
Then Mahatma Gandhi came to Rajkot and started writing work cases for the needy there, but after some time he had to give up this work for various reasons which he has mentioned in his self-fiction. Thus under an 1893 agreement he went to Natal (South Africa) to fight a case for an Indian firm for a year.
Mahatma Gandhi’s visit and movement to South Africa – Mahatma Gandhi (1893–1913)
Mahatma Gandhi’s visit to South Africa changed the life of Mahatma Gandhi. Because Gandhiji had gone to South Africa to fight the case of Seth Abdullah where he saw Indians face discrimination and Mahatma Gandhi had been victimized while going to South Africa.
Because when Mahatma Gandhi was going to South Africa he had a first class ticket but still he was asked to go to the third class compartment and when Mahatma Gandhi protested this, he was forcefully thrown out of the train at the station Given. This incident hurt him a lot and he kept thinking the whole night whether he would have to stay here like this or should he go back to India and then decided to fight against the injustice done to Indians in South Africa.
Mahatma Gandhi had to face discrimination on Indians of South Africa many times. Once Gandhiji was traveling in Ghodagadi, when he was asked to leave the seat for the British passenger, he refused to give up the seat, due to which the driver Was killed and had to travel on the rung even Mahatma Gandhi was prevented from going to many hotels in South Africa, so Gandhi decided to fight for the right of Indians in the British Empire against discrimination against Indian society. did.
After studying Gandhiji realized that we first need a permanent organization to protect our Indian interests and to make this permanent organization immediately, he wrote petitions to the legislature of Natal and the British Government and Signed by hundreds of Indians. But he could not succeed in this but it was successful in attracting the sufferings of Indians to the attention of newspapers of Natal, India and England, then he united Indian society there and persuaded them to form a permanent organization, after which in 1894 he ‘ Founded the ‘Natal Indian Congress’ and became its active secretary.
In 1906, on which Zulu, which was in South Africa, was declared to be held by the British, in protest against which two English officers were killed there, after which the British fought against him, then Gandhiji told the British that he was an Indian citizen. He also argued that Indians should cooperate in war efforts to make their citizenship claims legal.
But the British refused to give any kind of post to the Indians in the army, but they agreed that the Indians could work voluntarily to bring the injured British soldiers to the treatment and its runaway Mahatma Gandhi took over.
Then in 1906, the Transvaal government introduced a particularly derogatory ordinance to register the Indian public living in South Africa. After which a public meeting was organized under the leadership of Mahatma Gandhi and took the oath to break the ordinance and pay its punishment, this is what created the Satyagraha.
There are many ups and downs during this movement, in which Indian people faced many sufferings and sufferings with non-violence under the leadership of Mahatma Gandhi. In 1913, the last phase of this movement was stopped by the Indian people, which hundreds of Indians were imprisoned and they were subjected to many tortures such as jail sentences, flogging and shooting. After which there was a lot of disrepute of the government and after the pressure of the British Government, an agreement was reached which was negotiated with Mahatma Gandhi by the representative of the government and General John Christian.
Mahatma Gandhi’s coming to India – Mahatma Gandhi Return to India 1915
In 1915, Mahatma Gandhi returned to India after many years of struggle and after coming to India, he started participating in the freedom struggle to liberate India and expressed his views in the sessions of the Indian National Congress. Gandhiji’s thoughts were based on the views of the then respected leader Gopal Krishna Gokhale. Gopal Krishna Gokhale is called the Goldstone of India. Gopal Krishna Gokhale passed away on 19 February 1915, after which Mahatma Gandhiji was made the guide of the Congress.
Mahatma Gandhi made many movements to liberate the country from the British, so most of Gandhiji’s life was spent in movements for India’s independence. The first movement in India was organized by Mahatma Gandhi in 1918 in Champaran and Kheda districts of Bihar, which were named as Champaran Satyagraha and Kheda Satyagraha.
Mahatma Gandhi’s Champaran Satyagraha and Kheda Satyagraha – Mahatma Gandhi 1918
This was the first movement launched in India by Mahatma Gandhi in 1918 to protest the exploitation of Indian farmers by the British. At that time, the British used to oppress the peasants for cultivating indigo and they were forced to sell the crop at a fixed amount which was exploited by the farmers. When this problem of farmers reached Mahatma Gandhi, he decided to do Champaran Satyagraha. Due to which Gandhiji was arrested the next day thousands of peasants gathered outside the court and started shouting slogans in support of Mahatma Gandhi ji, due to which Mahatma Gandhi was left without any punishment. Successfully led
In those days, due to the floods in the villages of Kheda district of Gujarat, the farmers of the whole year got spoiled due to which the farmers were not able to pay taxes. For this, they prayed to the British government and their tax should be forgiven. But the British government refused to accept anything from him. After which the movement was launched by Mahatma Gandhi, which was named Kheda Satyagraha, due to which the recovery of the revenue tax on farmers stopped. In this way, two movements were organized by Mahatma Gandhi in 1918 which are known as Champaran Satyagraha and Kheda Satyagraha.
Mahatma Gandhi’s Khilafat Movement – Mahatma Gandhi 1920
This movement was the movement of Muslims by all Muslims because it was associated with the Muslim religious leader, Sultan Khalifa of Turkey. As a matter of fact, the Sultan Khalifa of Turkey faced a huge religious crisis during the First World War, England and Germany. Because he had to side with the British in view of the Raj Bhakti demand and in favor of England in view of devotion, the Sultan Khalifa of Turkey supported England and in this religious crisis, the British Government said that their position would be respected. But after the world war, the British opposed it and took away all their rights.
Muslims from all over the world considered the Sultan Khalifa of Turkey to be their religious leader, and during the First World War, Indian Muslims supported Agrejo on the condition that he would protect the religion and religious places of Muslims, but after the war, the English government would keep its promises. Turned my face Due to which the anger for the English government increased very much among the Muslims and this Khilafat movement started by the Muslims was supported by Mahatma Gandhi. After which Gandhi won the trust of Hindu-Muslims and he became the leader of Hindu Muslims. After which Mahatma Gandhi laid the foundation of the much increased non-cooperation movement.
Mahatma Gandhi’s Non-Cooperation Movement – Mahatma Gandhi 1920
Fearing the movements of the Indian people against the British government, the British passed a new law in March 1919, named the Rowlatt Act, this law was brought so that the movements in India could be crushed by this law. According to this, no one could organize any meeting now. Because if this was done, then he could be jailed without taking any legal action. Even the person filing the case against him will not be told.
At the same time a gathering was organized at Jallianwala Bagh in Punjab where a peaceful and non-violent gathering was going on. The movement also included old men, women and children. But the British government officer General Dyer, along with the military commander, fired indiscriminate bullets at the crowd, some people jumped in the well there to avoid the bullets, thousands of people were killed in this way, the British gave the Indian people a lot of bravado Along with Ronda, this incident is known today as Jallianwala Bagh massacre.
After this incident, there was a lot of anger against the English in the whole country. In protest against which Mahatma Gandhi launched the Non-Cooperation Movement in 1920, this movement, like the rest of Gandhiji’s movements, was based on non-violence in which the elders would not be supported in any way by Indians.
The purpose of this movement was not to cooperate with the English government, according to which the British in India are doing the secret because the Indians work for them, which is thriving by the British. Therefore, if the elders are not given any kind of cooperation, then they will be forced to leave India by themselves. In this andonal done by Mahatma Gandhi, people supported him with great vigor and British jobs, factory schools, colleges, Etc. were boycotted. Even the clothes made by the British were burnt and cotton clothes were made and used in their country. This movement of Indian people greatly hurt the British and it is believed that this non-cooperation movement had turned into such a big movement at that time that India would have got freedom during this movement itself. But after the violent incident of Chauri-Chora at that time, Mahatma Gandhi put an end to this movement. Now the British understood that it is difficult for them to stay in India for long.
Mahatma Gandhi’s Civil Disobedience Movement – Mahatma Gandhi 1930
In 1930 Mahatma Gandhi again started a movement called the Civil Disobedience Movement, the movement was aimed at breaking all laws made by the British government. Because a letter was written by Mahatma Gandhi, in which he asked for eleven demands, but no attention was paid to it by the British Government, after which the Civil Disobedience Movement was started in 1930, the main event of this movement is Dandi Yatra i.e. Salt Satyagraha. .
Mahatma Gandhi’s visit to Dandi
At that time the English government had passed a law according to which the salt making from the sea was to break the law. Mahatma Gandhi opposed this law and on 12 April 1930 started walking on foot from Ahmedabad Sabarmati Ashram which lasted to a place called Dandi in Gujarat. The yatra was a 24-day journey in which Mahatma Gandhi started with 78 volunteers who joined thousands of people on their way to Dandi. After going there, Gandhiji made salt from sea water
Then this movement was spread all over the country by making salt from different parts of the country, which was arrested by Gandhi due to lot of support from the people and then sent to Viceroy Lord Irwin for agreement, after which Gandhi Ji had accepted the agreement.
Mahatma Gandhi’s Quit India Movement – Mahatma Gandhi 1942
It was the third largest movement launched by Andonal Mahatma Gandhi that shook the English Empire. At this time, people of every section of India were fully prepared for their freedom. Then Gandhi started the Quit India Movement.
Mahatma Gandhi started this movement to liberate India quickly. Whose country made a big movement. It is believed that after this movement, the British understood that the time had come to leave India. After which the British Government had indicated that the people of India will leave the country.
Mahatma Gandhi’s personality and principles
Gandhiji was a person who tries to learn from experiments above himself. He always searched for truth and truth in the independent sagram of India. He is famous in the country and the world for these principles of Mahatma Gandhi.
Throughout his struggle, Gandhiji adopted the path of non-violence, he is also known as the priest of non-violence. Mahatma Gandhi says that I have thousands of injuries to kill but there is no reason to kill anyone.
He always inspired people for non-violence in many movements happening in India. Even after being tortured a thousand times by the Englishmen, he continued on his path of non-violence.
It is not that Gandhiji never ate meat and had eaten meat in his childhood days. But his mother was very religious which had great influence on him and he grew up in a Jain society. And when he was going to England, he promised his mother to always be vegetarian, after which Mahatma Gandhi adopted a vegetarian life.
When Gandhiji was 16 years old, his father’s health began to deteriorate at the age of 63 years. At that time Gandhiji was always with him. But one day, for some time, he came to the bedroom to give relief to the body, where his physical desires were awakened and he formed a love affair with his wife Kasturba, after which he found out that his father had died, which Gandhiji Mahatma Gandhi began to turn to celibacy by this incident which felt like a crime.
Mahatma Gandhi always led an ordinary life. Gandhiji kept a lot of silence in his life so that he would get peace of mind. His simplicity was reflected by Gandhiji’s dress. He used to wear clothes made of cotton and also inspired people to use clothes made in their country.
Mahatma Gandhi used to do every religion equally, he believed that India can get freedom by following the path of non-violence. Therefore, he always followed the path of non-violence in every movement only on his faith.
So friends, in this post we have tried to make you aware about the life of Mahatma Gandhi . We have got to learn a lot from this struggle of the father of our country whose picture is on every note and to be successful in our life, we should read about those people who are remembered today for their struggle. So guys with your friends on this post Share Sikhaye- about and struggle and success.Check (Mahatma Gandhi)